Social Science

Democratic Politics - 1| Social Science CBSE IX Chapter 5 - Working of Institutions - Answer of question on P94 Q8

Question 8:

Three friends went to watch a film that showed the hero becoming Chief Minister for a day and making big changes in the state. Imran said this is what the country needs. Rizwan said this kind of a personal rule without institutions is dangerous. Shankar said all this is a fantasy. No minister can do anything in one day. What would be your reaction to such a film?

Answer

Such a film is unrealistic and undemocratic. The Chief Minister should be appointed after a fair election process. At the same time a lot of planning is needed to carry out reforms.

Democratic Politics - 1| Social Science CBSE IX Chapter 5 - Working of Institutions - Answer of question on P94 Q7

Question 7:

Why is the Prime Minister in India not directly elected by the people?

Choose the most appropriate answer and give reasons for your choice.

(a) In a Parliamentary democracy only the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha can become the Prime Minister.

(b) Lok Sabha can remove the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers even before the expiry of their term.

(c) Since the Prime Minister is appointed by the President there is no need for it.

(d) Direct election of the Prime Minister will involve lot of expenditure on election.


Answer

The most appropriate answer is ‘a’. This is to ensure that the Prime Minister secures a majority support. This prevents him/her from being either a puppet or a dictator since he/she has to function along with a council of ministers.

 

Democratic Politics - 1| Social Science CBSE IX Chapter 5 - Working of Institutions - Answer of question on P94 Q5

Question 5:

Match the ministry with the news that the ministry may have released:

(a) A new policy is being made to increase the jute exports from the country.

(i) Ministry of Defence

(b) Telephone services will be made more accessible to rural areas.

(ii) Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Public Distribution

(c) The price of rice and wheat sold under the Public Distribution System will go down.

(iii) Ministry of Health

(d) A pulse polio campaign will be launched.

(iv) Ministry of Commerce and Industry

(e) The allowances of the soldiers posted on high altitudes will be increased.

(v) Ministry of Communications and Information Technology.

Answer

 

(a) A new policy is being made to increase the jute exports from the country.

(iv) Ministry of Commerce and Industry

Democratic Politics - 1| Social Science CBSE IX Chapter 5 - Working of Institutions - Answer of question on P93 Q3

Question 3:

Which of the following statements about the judiciary is false?

(a) Every law passed by the Parliament needs approval of the Supreme Court.

(b) Judiciary can strike down a law if it goes against the spirit of the Constitution.

(c) Judiciary is independent of the Executive.

(d) Any citizen can approach the courts if her rights are violated

 

Answer

(a) Every law passed by the Parliament needs approval of the Supreme Court.

Democratic Politics - 1| Social Science CBSE IX Chapter 5 - Working of Institutions - Answer of question on P93 Q2

Question 2:

Who among the following is a part of the political executive?

(a) District Collector

(b) Secretary of the Ministry of Home Affairs

(c) Home Minister

(d) Director General of Police

Answer :

(c) Home Minister

Democratic Politics - 1| Social Science CBSE IX Chapter 5 - Working of Institutions - Answer of question on P93 Q1

Question 1:

If you are elected as the President of India which of the following decisions can you take on your own?

(a) Select the person you like as Prime Minister.

(b) Dismiss a Prime Minister who has a majority in Lok Sabha.

(c) Ask for reconsideration of a bill passed by both the Houses.

(d) Nominate the leaders of your choice to the Council of Ministers.

Answer

(c) Ask for reconsideration of a bill passed by both the houses.

Democratic Politics 1 | Social Science CBSE IX | Electoral Politics Page 76 Q 11

Question 11:

Ramesh was not in class when this chapter was being taught. He came the next day and repeated what he had heard from his father. Can you tell Ramesh what is wrong with these statements?

(a) Women always vote the way men tell them to. So what is the point of giving them the right to vote?

(b) Party politics creates tension in society. Elections should be decided by consensus not by competition.

(c) Only graduates should be allowed to stand as candidates for elections.

Answer

Democratic Politics - 1| Social Science CBSE IX Chapter 4 - Electoral Politics - Answer of question on P76 Q10

Question 10:

Here are some reports of malpractices in Indian elections. Identify what the problem in each case is. What should be done to correct the situation?

(a) Following the announcement of elections, the minister promised to provide financial aid to reopen the closed sugar mill.

(b) Opposition parties alleged that their statements and campaign was not given due attention in Doordarshan and All India Radio.

(c) An inquiry by the Election Commission showed that electoral rolls of a state contain name of 20 lakh fake voters.

(d) The hoodlums of a political party were moving with guns, physically preventing supporters of other political parties to meet the voters and attacking meetings of other parties.

 

Answer

Democratic Politics - 1| Social Science CBSE IX Chapter 4 - Electoral Politics - Answer of question on P75 Q9

Question 9:

Here are some reports of electoral malpractices from different parts of the world. Is there anything that these countries can learn from India to improve their elections? What would you suggest in each case?

(a) During an election in Nigeria, the officer in charge of counting votes deliberately increased the votes of one candidate and declared him elected. The court later found out that more than five lakh votes cast for one candidate were counted in favour of another.

(b) Just before elections in Fiji, a pamphlet was distributed warning voters that a vote for former Prime Minisiter, Mahendra Chaudhry will lead to bloodshed. This was a threat to voters of India origin.

(c) In the US, each state has its own method of voting, its own procedure of counting and its own authority for conducting elections. Authorities in the state of Florida took many controversial decisions that favoured Mr. Bush in the presidential elections in 2000. But no one could change those decisions.

Answer

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